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India is the second-most populous developing nation in the world. In the nation, unemployment is a significant issue. Since India’s independence, the high unemployment rate has been a top priority for the Indian government, so, the government has introduced Self-employment Schemes in India. In this country, there are a lot of educated but unemployed people. The Indian government created a variety of self-employment programs, including rozgar, mudra, and microcredit programs for self-help groups, to help people become self-employed and receive financial support. With these national self-employment programs, the government aimed to lower the unemployment rate.

Eligibility for Self-employment schemes in India

  • Individuals: Age: at least 18 years old
  • Under such a component any such educational certificate is not required. However, in cases where the chosen activity for micro-enterprise innovation calls for specialised knowledge or abilities, the beneficiaries must first receive the proper training before receiving financial assistance.
  • The group enterprise must have a minimum of three participants, at least 70% of whom must be from urban poor families. It is improper to include more than one family member in a single group.
  • The proportion of women receiving benefits under the SEP must be at least 30%.Benefits for SCs and STs must at least equal the percentage of their population strength in the city/poor town. People with disabilities will receive a special 3% registration rate, and communities of colour will receive at least 14-15%.

Prime Ministers Employement Generation Programme

The Khadi Industries (KVIC) launched this programme to create job opportunities in the nation’s urban and rural areas. The perks of this programme are available to any Indian citizen who has turned 18 years old. The Prime Minister Employment Generation Programme only supports fresh concepts; it does not support enduring ones.For the production sector and the service sector,The Central Government’s maximum project unit cost under this programme is Rs. 25 lakhs and Rs. 10 lakhs.

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Pradhan Mantri Mudra Scheme

It was launched in 2015 to offer small and micro businesses that are not farms or corporations loans of up to 10 lakhs. Young innovators frequently think outside the box. The Pradhan Mantri Mudra Scheme was launched by the central government to support innovators who want to work for themselves. This programme offers credit to various Micro, Small, and Medium-Sized Enterprises.

Loans are available from Shishu (up to $50,000), Kishor (between $50,000 and $5 lakh), and Tarun (5-10 lakhs). This loan does not include any subsidies. Furthermore, it includes the industries like land transportation, personal, social, and community services, food products, and textiles.

Aatmanirbhar Bharat Rojgar yojna

This program, which is being carried out by the Employees’ Provident Fund Organization (EPFO), lessens the financial burden on employers across a range of industries and sectors, including MSME, and will motivate them to increase employee hiring. Depending on the number of employees at the EPFO-registered establishments, the Government of India will either cover the entire employees’ share (12 percent of wages) or the entire employer share (12 percent of wages) of the contribution that is due under ABRY. The program began on October 1, 2020, and registration for qualified employers and new hires will be accepted up until June 30, 2021. From the date of registration for two years, the government would pay the subsidy.

Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Yojna- (PMRY)

Since October 2, 1993, the Pradhan Mantri Rozgar Yojna (PMRY) has been helping educated unemployed youth from economically disadvantaged groups find self-employment. The program’s goal is to help eligible young people launch their own businesses in the industry, service, and retail sectors. The programme aims to include both urban and rural areas.

People who are eligible for this scheme should be 18 to 35 years(educated unemployed), For Scheduled Castes/Scheduled Tribes, Ex-Servicemen, Physically Disabled, and Women, the age range is 18 to 45. Secondly, the

Academic Requirement is atleast eighth Pass. Those who have completed at least six months of training in a government-approved or recognised institution for any trade will be given preference.

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Self-employment program for Urban poor scheme

The National Urban Lively hood Mission’s program is called the Self-Employment Program for Urban Poor Scheme (NULM). With the help of this program, urban poor people can get financial assistance. Any group or person with a minimum of three members is eligible to apply for such a scheme, and there is no educational requirement. The sanctioned loan balance for groups is up to Rs. 10 lakh and for individuals, it is Rs. 2 lakh. The repayment period for this scheme is between 5 and 7 years, with a 7 percent interest rate.

FAQs on Self-employment Schemes in India

What is Self employment lending scheme?

The National Ministry Development & Finance Corporation (NMDFC) manages the Self-Employment Loaning Scheme to help the minor community become self-employed. Within this line of credit term-2 scheme, loans with a maximum value of Rs. 30 lakhs and Rs. 20 lakhs, respectively, may be approved. The minor communities will be charged an interest rate of 3% on this amount, with a five-year repayment period

What is Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojna?

The Ministry of Skill Development & Entrepreneurship’s flagship programme is the Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) (MSDE). The goal of the whole skill certification programme is to make it possible for many young people in India to enroll in business training skills that will improve their livelihood and help them meet their employment and self-employment needs.

What are Self-employment Schemes in India?

Self Employment Scheme provides financial aid to the economically less fortunate group of disabled people so they can start a business in their community.

When was Aatmanirbhar Bharat Rojgar yojna launched?

November 2020, in the covid-19 situation Aatmanirbhar Bharat Rojgar yojna was launched To increase employment in the formal sector and encourage the formation of new employment opportunities

Have these schemes provided any relief to the unemployment in India?

Yes, to a certain extent these programs have been successful; the unemployment rate has gone down to a certain point.

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