Alfred Nobel Inventions And Discoveries: A Swedish Inventor



Alfred Nobel was born in 1833 in Stockholm, Sweden. Many people thought he was a wealthy and intelligent man. His father, who was also an inventor and businessman, is thought to have influenced his lifelong obsession with inventing, learning new skills, and building a successful business. Given numerous opportunities to learn about chemistry and experimentation, Nobel was constantly pushing the boundaries of what he could do to improve his inventions, particularly explosives. In this article we will cover all Alfred Nobel Inventions And Discoveries along with some extra facts.

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  • He was the inventor of dynamite and other explosives.
  • He is well-known for the annual prizes he bestows in science, literature, and peace.
  • Nobel received 355 patents for his inventions during his lifetime, the majority of which are explosives or related to explosive materials.

Continue reading this article to know about the Inventions and Discoveries of Alfred Nobel.

Alfred Nobel Inventions And Discoveries Overview

Check out the table below to know all the Alfred Nobel Inventions and Discoveries:

S.No.Alfred Nobel Inventions And DiscoveriesYear
1Practical Detonator1863
2Blasting Oil and Blasting Cap1865
4Blasting Gelatin1875

Inventions And Discoveries of Alfred Nobel

Nobel established a small factory to produce nitroglycerin in 1862. He also conducted research to find a safe way to control the explosives’ detonation. Continue reading to learn about all of Alfred Nobel inventions and discoveries.

Practical Detonator

In 1863, he invented a practical detonator. It is made up of a wooden plug that was inserted into a larger charge of nitroglycerin contained in a metal container. This invention established Nobel’s reputation as an inventor, as well as the fortune he would amass as an explosives manufacturer.

Blasting Oil and Blasting Cap

Nobel invented a blasting cap, which was an improved detonator, in 1865. This invention marked the beginning of the modern use of high explosives.


In 1867, he created dynamite, his next significant invention. He received patents for it in both the United Kingdom (1867) and the United States (1868). With the invention of dynamite, he gained worldwide fame, and it was soon used to blast funnels, cut canals, and build railways and roads. In the 1870s and 1880s, Nobel established a network of factories throughout Europe to produce dynamite.

Blasting Gelatin

In 1875, he developed a more powerful form of dynamite and named it blasting gelatin. The following year, he patented it. He had also discovered by chance that combining a nitroglycerin solution with a fluffy substance called nitrocellulose results in a tough, plastic material. It has greater blasting power and resistance than standard dynamites.


In 1887, he invented ballistite. It was a precursor to cordite and one of the first nitroglycerin smokeless powders.

He also invented many things, such as artificial silk and leather. In total, he registered over 350 patents in various countries. He had never been married.

Establishment of Nobel Prizes

In 1895, he developed angina pectoris. He died in 1896 at his villa in San Remo, Italy, of a cerebral haemorrhage.

At the time of his death, he was the owner of more than 90 factories that produced explosives and ammunition. He had deposited his will in a bank in Stockholm, and when it was opened, it surprised his family, friends, and the general public.

He bequeathed the majority of his fortune to establish what became known as international awards, the Nobel Prizes.

He established the awards to honour his lifelong interests in physics, chemistry, physiology, and literature. The abundance of evidence indicates that his friendship with prominent Austrian pacifist Bertha von Suttner inspired him to found the peace prize.

Alfred Nobel: Inspirational Quotes

Check out these famous inspirational quotes and sayings by Alfred Nobel:

Contentment is the only real wealth.

Worry is the stomach’s worst poison.

The truthful man is usually a liar.

Good wishes alone will not ensure peace.

Lying is the greatest of all sins.

Hope you found this article on Alfred Nobel Inventions And Discoveries helpful.

Alfred Nobel Inventions And Discoveries FAQs

When did the first Nobel Prizes get distributed?

The first prize distribution occurred on December 10, 1901, the fifth anniversary of Nobel’s death.

Which Alfred Nobel invention ushered in the modern use of high explosives?

The invention of the blasting cap marked the beginning of the modern use of high explosives.

Alfred Nobel invented a practical detonator when?

In 1863, he invented a practical detonator. It is made up of a wooden plug that is inserted into a larger charge of Nitroglycerin held in a metal container.

What is Alfred Nobel well-known for?

He is best known for inventing dynamite and the Blasting Cap, an explosive device. He also established the Nobel Prizes.

When did Alfred Nobel invent dynamite?

In 1867, Alfred Nobel invented dynamite.